Missouri Marijuana Laws
Updated September 2019
Missouri has historically been one of the most restrictive states when it comes to cannabis policy, but in November 2018 voters approved Amendment 2 to legalize the use of marijuana for medical purposes by qualified patients. Learn more about Missouri marijuana laws below.
Recreational Marijuana in Missouri
Is marijuana legal in Missouri. No– recreational marijuana remains illegal in Missouri. Lawmakers in 2014 did enact Senate Bill 491 to reduce penalties for the possession of up to 10 grams of marijuana. The law, which took effect January 1, 2017, makes the first offense punishable as an infraction (class D misdemeanor) carrying a fine of $250 to $1,000. Possession of 10 grams to up to 35 grams is a class A misdemeanor, but punishable to up to 1 year in prison and a maximum fine of $2,000. Possession of over 35 grams, or 1.25 ounces, is a felony, punishable to up to seven years in prison and a $5,000 fine.
In April 2016, nearly 75% of voters in Kansas City approved Question 5, a measure that eliminated jail penalties and lowered the fine for those caught in possession of up to 35 grams from $500 to $25.
Medical Marijuana in Missouri
Registered patients and their caregivers are allowed to purchase up to four ounces of marijuana from dispensaries every month. A 4 percent retail tax is applied to sales, with excess revenue going to a fund aimed at covering veterans’ health care costs. The new law also legalizes the personal cultivation of six marijuana plants by patients registered with the program.
The new law allows permit state-licensed physicians to recommend medical marijuana to patients diagnosed with the following conditions:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- HIV and AIDS
- Intractable Migraines
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Psychiatric Disorders
- Spinal Cord Injuries
- Terminal illness
The law also permits doctors to recommend cannabis for any chronic, debilitating, or other condition they see fit.
CBD from Hemp Oil in Missouri
Hemp-derived CBD products are legal under Federal Law in the United States; however, individual state laws are dynamic and fluid. Individual states may enact their own laws governing hemp-derived CBD.
Cultivation of Cannabis in Missouri
Cultivating marijuana for recreational use is prohibited in Missouri. Registered medical marijuana patients or their caregivers can legally grow up to six marijuana plants at home.
Licensed growers can legally cultivate hemp in Missouri. Signed into law on June 24, 2019, Senate Bill 133 authorized the commercial production of hemp. The new law replaces the state’s research pilot program that had been in place since 2014. The Missouri Department of Agriculture intends to make applications for producing and growing permits available in the fall of 2019 in time for the 2020 growing season.
Legal Status of Other U.S. States
Stay up to date on the latest state legislation, referendums, and public opinion polls. Our Marijuana Legalization Map allows you to browse the current status of medical and recreational marijuana laws in other U.S. states and territories.
DISCLAIMER: The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only; it does not constitute legal advice. Although we endeavor to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Therefore, any reliance you place on such information is strictly at your own risk.
With more states legalizing the use of marijuana it can be hard to stay up to date on Missouri marijuana laws. Click to learn more about marijuana laws in MO!
The legality of CBD oil in Missouri
Cannabidiol (CBD) products are often thought of as marijuana’s “kinder, gentler” cousins. Lacking the psychoactive high that comes along with the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) found in marijuana, CBD products won’t get you high — but they are being used to treat everything from epilepsy to chronic pain.
Thanks to a farm bill passed in 2018 by Congress , hemp products were carved apart from regular marijuana, which meant that CBD products with less than 0.3% THC are no longer considered a controlled substance. A similar law was passed in 2018 that exempted industrial hemp from Missouri’s definition of marijuana.
So what’s the problem? Sellers of CBD products can still end up being charged with drug distribution and other criminal offenses simply because of a lack of clarity in the law.
While CBD products have cropped up everywhere, it’s still against federal law to put CBD in food. It’s also illegal to claim that CBD products have health benefits of any kind — despite all of the evidence otherwise. Plus, the state’s laws only exempt industrial hemp products from its list of controlled substances — and CBD can be sourced from either hemp or marijuana.
Experts recommend that sellers be very cautious about their CBD products. The lack of clarity in the laws and the unwillingness of federal authorities to regulate the industry, combined with CBD’s rising popularity, has created a free-for-all in the market. There are a lot of unscrupulous suppliers out there who aren’t really invested in quality control of their products. A product on your store’s shelves could be labeled in a way that violates federal law (by saying that it can treat a medical condition) or it could contain more than 0.3% THC. (When researchers tested CBD products sold online, 43% of samples had more THC than it stated on their labels.)
If you’re charged with a drug crime (or several) related to CBD products , take immediate action to protect your rights and your future.
Cannabidiol (CBD) products are often thought of as marijuana's "kinder, gentler" cousins. Lacking the psychoactive high that comes along with the