Full-spectrum cannabis extracts VS CBD isolate
By Ian Jones
Ian Jones is a journalist based in Manchester, England. He specialises in technology and food, with a heavy focus on vaping, CBD and medicinal drugs. He began writing professionally over 15 years ago and is a regular contributor to New Scientist, Vice and the Daily Mirror. He is also the resident CBD expert at the respected vaping website Spinfuel. He began looking at CBD in detail after discovering that it cured his mother’s arthritis, and has since become a leading figure in the UK when it comes to educating people about the CBD extraction process and exploring its curative properties.
The public profile of CBD has soared in recent years, with users using it to treat all manner of ailments and conditions. It can be consumed in a variety of ways, ranging from simple oral consumption to topical use and even vaping. There are two main forms of CBD on the market. These are ‘full spectrum’ CBD and CBD isolate. There are a number of key differences between the two, which we will look at in this article. We will also look at methods of consumption, as this can have dramatic impact on the efficacy of CBD. As we will see, full-spectrum CBD is more popular, and for good reason, but isolate has certain benefits that might appeal to different CBD users.
The increased popularity of CBD has led many users to raise questions about the methods of extracting and administering CBD. The main question is which form provides the most effective range of medical benefits for the user. The two most common forms of extracted CBD found in stores are full-spectrum (whole-plant extract) and pure CBD isolate. Most users prefer the full-spectrum option. As CBD’s usefulness for medical purposes has become more accepted over the years, new methods of administering it have continued to evolve.
This has left some users concerned not just with which form of extracted CBD is most effective or what the proper dosage for them may be, but also with which method of supplementation gives the user the most relief in the right amount of time. Some of the most common methods include applying it sublingually, topically, or taking it in capsules. Vaping cbd is regarded by many to be the most bio-available way to administer, and as such, this has led to an increase in the demand for CBD isolate. This form of CBD is different from full-spectrum CBD extract in that it only contains CBD and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, or healthy fatty acids that commonly result from the whole-plant extraction process.
Cannabis, with its complex chemical structure, contains over 100 active cannabinoids aside from CBD. It also contains terpenes, which have anti-inflammatory properties, and are regarded as increasing the efficacy of cannabinoids. Although they are not rated as important as CBD when it comes medical benefits, some of these other cannabinoids have been found to have symptom alleviating qualities as well. The cannabinoids CBN and CBG for example, are found in most full-spectrum extracts and studies have shown that both contain anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relieving properties.
Whole-plant extracts typically contain a carefully measured amount of the cannabis plant’s most prominent cannabinoid, THC, although usually not in a large enough amount to have any psychological effects. In many countries, a certain percentage of THC is illegal, so it is vital to know the amount of this cannabinoid when manufacturing products that contain full-spectrum CBD. When present together, CBD and its cannabinoid colleagues, as well as terpenes, produce what is known as an entourage effect. The synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has been shown to increase the healing properties of each.
A study published by the Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, which aimed its focus on the effectiveness of CBD isolate compared to full-plant extract, supported this concept, stating in its summary that “in all of the tests, the isolated CBD was ineffective both before and after a certain dosage, while the effectiveness of the full-spectrum solution continued to increase as higher doses were administered. The results all indicate that CBD is only effective against swelling and pain at a certain dose, and that cannabis solutions containing a full range of cannabinoids will continue to provide corresponding effects as the dosage is increased.”
Given the results of this study, it would seem to confirm that full-spectrum extract is preferable over CBD isolate for most CBD users, but CBD isolate is still frequently used and believed by some to be more effective than full-plant extract. This belief is led by the idea that CBD is the only medically sought after cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, aside from THC. Many CBD isolate users are under the impression that by consuming only the CBD cannabinoid and no terpenes or any other “unnecessary” components of the plant, they are getting a more powerful or effective dose of CBD. When vaping a CBD extract, which as stated previously, is considered to be the most efficient and quick-acting method of administering CBD, isolate users may feel that they are taking the most efficient route to CBD consumption. While this method might be efficient, the lack of entourage effect means the benefits are reduced when compared to full-spectrum CBD consumption.
However, CBD isolate does have something to offer CBD users that full-spectrum extracts does not. The fact that full-spectrum extracts invariably contain low levels of THC means that some users prefer to play it safe and stick to pure CBD by itself, out of fear of failing a drug test or experiencing a form of “high”, although both of these occurrences have been found to be fairly unlikely.
THC is one of the cannabinoids involved in the “entourage effect” stated earlier so it is ideal for inclusion in CBD supplementation. A recent article on full-spectrum CBD demonstrates the importance of THC inclusion by stating, “In hemp THC is a minor constituent and appears only in trace amounts under 0.3% by dry weight, as required by the U.S. government for hemp products. THC mimics the action of anandamide, a neurotransmitter naturally produced in the human body, and binds to CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system found mostly in the brain. The extremely low levels of THC in hemp make hemp oil non-psychoactive and safe for all ages to use.”
The wide range of benefits contained in full-spectrum CBD extracts means some CBD merchants have either ceased to sell, or scale down the promotion of CBD isolate, in comparison to the whole-plant extract variety. Companies and individuals who extract CBD themselves are realising that cannabis has more to offer medicinally than just CBD or THC, and that there is little to no reason to not include all that this “super-plant” has to offer in the extraction process.
This all serves to underline the importance of testing CBD extract for the various levels of active ingredients. If your homemade CBD extract contains a high amount of THC it could be illegal in your country and require you use either a different method of extraction, or more likely, the need to find a source of hemp that has lower THC. As more scientific literature emerges supporting the entourage effect, and increased benefits of full-spectrum CBD compared to CBD isolate, we can expect the manufacture and sale of CBD goods based around isolate to greatly reduce in the coming years.
The public profile of CBD has soared in recent years, with users using it to treat all manner of ailments and conditions. It can be consumed in a variety of ways, ranging from simple oral consumption to topical use and even vaping. There are two main forms of CBD on the market. These are 'full spectrum' CBD and CBD isolate. There are a number of key differences between the
Comparing CBD Isolate and Full Spectrum CBD
The use of Cannabidiol, abbreviated CBD, was legalized in California in 2018 , and other states are quickly following suit. CBD provides many health and wellness benefits that are being advertised extensively both online and offline. That is why some people are interested in purchasing CBD for both themselves and their dogs.
While shopping for CBD online and offline, many buyers are finding that the online and offline stores are stocking different types of CBD products. These products can be broadly categorized as isolate or full-spectrum. These categories are an indicator of the cannabinoid content in the product which is being sold.
Buyers should be aware that CBD is only one of the many different types of cannabinoids which can be derived from the hemp or cannabis plant. Researchers believe that there may be over one hundred active compounds that can be obtained from the cannabis plant.
Most CBD buyers have heard of CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) , which is a psychoactive and found in more significant amounts in the cannabis plant. However, there are other cannabinoids like CBG that are part of CBD and CBN, which are also present in the hemp plant. Researchers believe that each cannabinoid will affect a different part of a dog’s body. That’s why it’s important to know what kind of CBD you’re purchasing and what the benefits are of each kind.
All of our products at Dope Dog are CBD isolate, but there are upsides to CBD isolate and full spectrum. We’ll explain everything you need to know about each in more detail below.
As suggested by its name, the most basic and purest form of CBD that is available in the CBD isolate. This contains mostly CBD molecules, typically with a purity of 99% or more. Pure CBD isolate products do not include other cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, which are also derived from the hemp plant.
Buyers should be aware that even though CBD isolates are considered the basic form, it is usually far more challenging to extract than CBD isolate oil from hemp. During the process of extraction of cannabinoids from the hemp plant, all the other related compounds are also obtained. CBD, along with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and similar compounds, will also be separated from each other. Therefore, the mixture will have to be purified further, to isolate the CBD molecules alone, and remove all other molecules. That means more time and money will be required to produce pure CBD isolate.
This CBD isolate is available in different forms. They include the following.
Dabs are one widely used application for CBD isolate amongst humans. In the process of dabbing, the compound is applied on a hot nail so that the CBD oil will vaporize, and the user or the dog will inhale the vapor which will be produced. This process is similar to vaping, though e-cigarettes are not used. Different forms of dabs are available for CBD isolate like shatter, which has a texture similar to glass, crystal, powder, resin, or wax.
Another common form of pure CBD isolate comes in topical applicants, like creams, oils , lotions, shampoos , and salves. These are more widely used for humans and pets.
Oils can be applied directly to a dog’s fur or skin, or it can be mixed in with dog food. Edible CBD isolate is also available in the form of capsule and CBD dog treats .
When compared to CBD isolate products, products with full-spectrum CBD include the complete range of cannabinoids in the hemp plant. During the process of extraction of CBD and other cannabinoids in the hemp plant are also extracted, since they have similar chemical properties and structure. The whole extract is converted into a product for consumption, so the user will consume all the cannabinoids in the hemp plant.
One of the main concerns while using full-spectrum CBD products is the THC content. In many states in the US, the use of cannabis is not legal, or some users do not wish to purchase it for the pets since they are worried that it is addictive. However, pet owners should be aware that federal laws in the United States specify that CBD should be only extracted from hemp and not from marijuana. Research has indicated that the THC content in hemp is less than 0.3%, and this small amount is not likely to have any effect on the dog’s brain and body. Therefore, pet owners should not worry about the adverse effects of THC in full-spectrum CBD.
Full Spectrum CBD is most commonly seen in the form of oils, but there are edible forms like Kushy CBD Gummies .
In addition to CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD, CBD buyers will sometimes find that some stores are selling broad-spectrum CBD . This refers to a CBD extract which contains all other cannabinoids, yet has no THC at all. That means dogs can experience the entourage effect of consuming CBD and other cannabinoids, yet be sure that he is not consuming any THC. This product is recommended for those who wish to ensure that they are not wasting any THC at all because of health and other reasons, like drug testing. Though CBD isolate is also THC free, it does not have the other cannabinoids which are suitable for health.
Full-spectrum CBD vs Isolate
After reviewing the information provided above, CBD buyers would like to find out whether they should select isolate CBD or full-spectrum CBD for their dogs.
They should be aware that the CBD should be chosen based on personal requirements for the dog, and the budget after considering the advantages and disadvantages.
Since CBD isolate is one of the purest forms of CBD, containing over 99% cannabidiol in some cases, it is incredibly potent. Since it has no THC, the risk of failing a drug test is eliminated, and there are no psychoactive or addictive effects.
Another advantage of using pure CBD isolate is that it is odorless and tasteless. That means it can be used as an ingredient in dog food, and it can be added to the food being cooked without changing the flavor.
The main benefit of using full-spectrum CBD is that it also contains terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids resulting in the entourage effect. Since this is the original extract from the plant, it is more natural in its composition and has undergone less chemical processing.
One of the main disadvantages of full-spectrum CBD is that the user may fail a drug test due to the minute amount of THC. Obviously, this downside doesn’t really apply to dogs. This small amount will usually not be detected in a follow-up test, however failing a drug test is stressful and may harm the user’s reputation. Additionally, terpenes and flavonoids in the plant extract have a strong aroma and taste, which some users may not like. While it is possible to neutralize the smell, many users prefer CBD isolate.
To Summarize CBD Isolate and Full-spectrum
CBD Isolate is preferred for.
– People or dogs who are sensitive or allergic to THC, cannabinoids, terpenes
– People or dog who are living in states that have strict laws prohibiting using and consumption of THC in any form
– Individuals who undergo drug testing regularly at their workplace, sportspersons or others
– Pet owners who wish to add CBD to dog food without altering the flavor of the food
– People or dogs who are looking for more exact and/or higher doses of active cannabidiol (CBD) to reduce pain and inflammation
Full-spectrum CBD is preferred for.
– People using CBD for pain/inflammation who need immediate results and are not sensitive to terpenes and other cannabinoids
– Individuals living in states that have legalized the use of cannabis, and they will not face any problems if THC is found
– People who do not undergo drug testing
– People who want the presence of THC
Take Home Message
Users should realize that the right CBD product should be chosen based on the right application as well as personal preferences. Most people are purchasing CBD products for different applications, like reducing pain, inflammation, anxiety, stress levels, preventing insomnia for their dogs or themselves. They are also consuming it in various forms, some are purchasing oils, which they add to their food while cooking, while others are consuming capsules and gummies.
Some pet owners enjoy using it in their dog’s food. It is recommended that the user tries the different CBD products and chooses the right product based on the results.
Check out our Dope Dog products to see our line of CBD oils, shampoo, and dog treats.
A comparison between CBD Isolate and full spectrum CBD.