Is CBD oil legal in Ohio?
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- What is CBD?
- Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
- Ohio CBD laws
- Where to buy CBD in Ohio
- How to read CBD labels and packaging
Yes. Cannabidiol (CBD) products derived from hemp are legal in Ohio. The state is working to set up rules around the cultivation and sale of hemp and hemp-derived CBD products. Like many states, Ohio passed its own legislation following approval of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp nationwide.
Ohio is developing licensing procedures for hemp growers and processors. Licenses are not required to sell or purchase hemp or CBD products. Consumers should soon find CBD-infused items available in more places, though the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), placed in charge of hemp and CBD products under the 2018 Farm Bill, is still developing rules and cautions buyers to choose carefully.
What is CBD?
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It’s the second-most-abundant cannabinoid in cannabis behind THC, which has intoxicating effects. Many people use CBD for its purported ability to reduce pain, inflammation, and anxiety, as well as to reduce or suppress seizures. It can be derived from either marijuana or hemp plants. In many countries, hemp is legal because it contains negligible levels of THC.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
The 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act categorized all types of cannabis, including hemp, as Schedule I, defined as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction. The act prevented further research that may have shed light on beneficial uses for cannabis.
Things changed with the passage of the 2014 Farm Bill, which recognized the difference between hemp and marijuana. The measure distinguished hemp as having less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana plants contained more than 0.3%.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the list of controlled substances, though marijuana with more than 0.3% THC remains illegal at the federal level and in states without medical or recreational legalization. CBD derived from marijuana plants is, therefore, still illegal while hemp-derived CBD is legal.
The Farm Bill also gave the (FDA) authority to regulate CBD product labeling, therapeutic claims, and its use as a food additive. Despite the passage of the Farm Bill, the FDA has taken the stance that even hemp-derived CBD may not be added to food and beverages, nor marketed as a dietary supplement.
While the FDA has begun a process of re-evaluating that stance, it has yet to revise its rules or specifically regulate CBD products. The FDA has been strict when it comes to health claims that could be construed as medical advice about CBD. In July 2019, the FDA sent a letter to retailer Curaleaf outlining a bevy of regulations they were violating by making such claims. In April 2019, the FDA also warned three CBD makers about making unproven health claims.
The bill also allows some states to make their own rules for CBD cultivation and sale. States may also try to regulate CBD in food, beverages, dietary supplements, and other products instead of waiting for final FDA rules.
Ohio CBD laws
In July 2019, Ohio passed SB 57, decriminalizing hemp and setting up a regulatory framework to license hemp cultivation. Ohio was one of many states that has regulated industrial hemp production as a crop following the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill.
In accordance with federal law, Ohio’s bill set the standard for hemp versus marijuana at a 0.3% THC cutoff. In Ohio, CBD is legal for use in food, dietary supplements, cosmetics, and personal care products, among other products. According to Ohio law, hemp growers and processors must be licensed and CBD products must be tested, though both of those processes are still being worked out by state lawmakers.
SB 57 requires licenses for growing or processing hemp are valid for three years and are not available to anyone convicted of drug-related charges in the past 10 years. No license is required to sell or purchase CBD in Ohio.
Ohio CBD possession limits
There are no possession limits for hemp-derived CBD at this time. CBD products with more than 0.3% THC remains illegal to sell, possess, and consume unless registered under Ohio’s medical marijuana program.
There are no possession limits for hemp-derived CBD at this time. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Where to buy CBD in Ohio
While major drugstore chains currently sell hemp-derived CBD products in some states, Ohio is not yet one of them. Smaller, local pharmacies and health food stores may offer it. More locations will likely begin to carry CBD products as the state works out its licensing process.
Shopping online is an option since the U.S. Postal Service has confirmed that legal CBD products may be shipped by mail. CBD products can usually be found online at the websites of specific brands.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
As of September 2019, the FDA does not allow CBD-infused food, drinks, or dietary supplements to be sold, and hasn’t reached a conclusion on regulating hemp-derived CBD products. While the FDA slowly and cautiously approaches making new regulations for CBD products, the gap between regulated products and anything goes grows wider, leaving consumers at risk of buying poor-quality products. When buying CBD products look for these on the label:
- Amount of active CBD per serving
- Supplement Fact Panel, including other ingredients
- Net weight
- Manufacturer or distributor name
- Suggested use
- Full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate
- Batch or date code
One of the most important things to pay attention to is if a CBD product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate.
Full-spectrum means that the CBD has been extracted from a hemp plant along with all other chemicals in the plant, including terpenes and trace amounts of THC. Consuming full-spectrum CBD may yield better results due to a phenomenon known as the entourage effect, which happens when cannabis compounds work together to bolster the benefits of the plant.
Broad-spectrum means that the product contains CBD and terpenes, but has undergone additional processes to strip out THC.
Finally, CBD isolate is a product that has gone through more intensive processing to remove everything except for pure CBD. Consuming isolate may produce different effects than full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD, as these products do not produce the entourage effect. However, CBD isolate may be preferable for someone looking to avoid even trace amounts of THC.
Is CBD oil legal in Ohio? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Ohio CBD laws Where to buy CBD
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Ohio? Hemp Oil Laws & Legality (2021)
In 2016, Governor John Kasich signed House Bill 523, making Ohio the 25th state to legalize medical marijuana. The new law allows residents of Ohio to treat specific medical conditions with marijuana and its derivatives, including CBD oil.
But what if you don’t have a prescription for medical marijuana?
Can you legally buy CBD oil in Ohio if it comes from hemp?
In this article, we cover the Ohio laws surrounding cannabis and provide you with an all-around guide to finding quality products in the state whether you decide to shop online or locally.
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Ohio?
As you can see, CBD laws in Ohio are foggy, and shopping for CBD locally can be risky if you want a quality product. Although the state has decided to enforce the provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill, it excluded the vast majority of stores from the list of eligible retailers. Currently, hemp-derived CBD oil is available in licensed cannabis dispensaries, which are unavailable to recreational users.
Therefore, your best chance of getting high-quality CBD oil in Ohio is through a reliable online retailer.
Benefits of Buying CBD Online
Online stores usually have a better product selection than in-store vendors. You can choose from products like tinctures, capsules, edibles, creams, concentrates, vape liquid, and even pet products. It would be difficult to find all these formats in a local store. Most physical stores offer one or two types of CBD.
Shopping for CBD online gives you access to important information about the company, such as the source of their hemp, extraction methods, third-party testing, and more. When you visit a physical store, you rely solely on the owner’s knowledge, and such stores aren’t usually run by the industry’s experts.
Last but not least, CBD products found online are usually less expensive than those sold locally. Running a physical storefront means there’s a middleman involved, and the prices usually reflect that. Online retailers can offer regular discounts, bulk pricing, and reward programs for customers.
Local CBD Retailers in Ohio
CBD Stores in Columbus
- Top Notch Vapor
- High Up Head Shop
CBD Stores in Cleveland
- Limitless CBD
- Cleveland Vape
- Lux Vapors
CBD Stores in Cincinnati
- Ohio CBD Guy
- Vape It Up
- Cincy Vapors
Is CBD Oil Legal in Ohio?
The state of Ohio only accepts hemp-derived CBD oil under the new federal law, but marijuana and its derivatives are prohibited for recreational use. Only qualifying patients can obtain marijuana-derived CBD.
Why does the state of Ohio have different laws for hemp and marijuana?
Despite sharing the same parent plant, hemp and marijuana have different ratios between the major cannabinoids: CBD and THC.
Hemp is naturally high in CBD and contains only a trace amount of THC (up to 0.3%), so products made from this type of cannabis won’t make you feel high.
Marijuana, on the other hand, is higher in THC and its CBD content varies by strain. CBD oils made from marijuana can get the user high and are treated differently by Ohio law.
Let’s talk about potential quality issues and how to avoid them in an unregulated market like CBD.
How to Find Quality CBD Products in Ohio?
The production of CBD oil isn’t regulated by any government agency, so some companies are very liberal when it comes to labeling, often selling products that contain far less CBD than advertised. Some of those products are downright dangerous.
Don’t worry, you can follow certain steps to avoid poor decisions.
Here’s how to make sure you spend your money the right way:
- Only purchase from companies that test their products in third-party laboratories. Outside labs can tell you if the potency of CBD matches the one advertised on the bottle. They can also detect unwanted additives, such as pesticides, heavy metals, mycotoxins, and other contaminants.
- Choose CO2-extracted CBD. CO2 extraction is by far the safest and most effective method for making CBD oil. This technology doesn’t involve additional heat or solvents, so it can slowly extract CBD along with other beneficial compounds from the source plant without destroying them on the way.
- Full-spectrum CBD is generally better than CBD isolate. Full-spectrum means that the product was made using the whole hemp plant, so it contains all beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. These compounds help the body process CBD more efficiently, allowing lower doses to remain effective. If you’re not tested for THC at work, we recommend that you stick to full-spectrum extracts rather than isolates.
- Organic hemp is the best source of CBD oil. If your hemp is organic, this means it has been cultivated under natural sunlight, in clean soil, and without the use of pesticides, fertilizers, or growth boosters. Growing conditions are extremely important for the quality of CBD extracts. Organic hemp yields CBD-rich flowers and makes for the perfect sourcing material.
- Avoid companies claiming that CBD can cure anything. CBD is a versatile compound that can do wonders for your quality of life, but it won’t cure any medical conditions. Companies claiming that their products cure cancer or something similarly outrageous is companies you should avoid.
Following these steps will save you time and money. Speaking of which, if you’re not ready to commit on the first date, you can look for companies that offer some sort of money-back guarantee on their products.
Here’s how the state of Ohio perceives both sources of CBD.
Hemp CBD Oil in Ohio
Although CBD oil from hemp is considered legal in Ohio, the exact regulations are a bit murky.
Under the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is no longer considered a controlled substance. It’s an agricultural commodity like any other crop that can be freely grown across the United States.
Hemp can be used for clothing, paper, fuel, food, and health supplements such as CBD oil.
However, there’s a catch created by the Ohio Board of Pharmacy. The board has recently banned stores other than state-licensed marijuana dispensaries from selling any cannabis-derived products.
Simply put, cape shops, food stores, and head shops can’t legally sell CBD if they want to comply with Ohio’s law. Some of those stores gave up on stocking CBD, while others continue to sell it.
Marijuana CBD Oil in Ohio
Ohio has decriminalized marijuana for recreational use, so you won’t face criminal charges for possession. However, residents of Ohio have yet to wait for legalization.
Getting caught with 100 grams of marijuana or less is a misdemeanor that can get you a mere fine of approximately $150 if that’s your first offense. If you get busted with amounts between 100 grams and 200 grams, you can face criminal charges involving 30 days in jail and a fine of $250.
Still, penalties for possession are very light compared with states like Georgia or Texas.
Can Doctors Prescribe CBD Oil in Ohio?
Yes! If you’re a resident of Ohio, you have the right to buy marijuana-derived CBD oil if you can provide a written recommendation from your doctor. The new law was introduced with House Bill 523, which legalized marijuana on September 8, 2016.
However, Ohio state law only allows non-smokable forms of marijuana, so you can only purchase CBD oils, vape juices, and marijuana patches.
You can ask a doctor for a medical marijuana recommendation if you have one of the following conditions
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Chronic traumatic encephalopathy
- Chronic or severe pain
- Crohn’s disease
- Epilepsy or other seizure disorder
- Hepatitis C
- Fibromyalgia pain
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Sickle cell anemia
- Spinal cord disease or injury
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Traumatic brain injury
- Ulcerative colitis
Summary: What’s the Best Way to Buy CBD Oil in Ohio?
Ohio has pretty relaxed laws when it comes to cannabis. Marijuana possession has been decriminalized and the state has a well-developed medical marijuana program. It also allows the sale of hemp-derived CBD products.
However, if you want to buy CBD oil without a prescription, you won’t have many opportunities to do that locally because the state of Ohio only allows medical marijuana dispensaries to distribute CBD products. That’s why buying CBD oil online is the best option in Ohio if you want to stay compliant with the law.
Regardless of how you decide to shop for CBD, remember to always do your research on any company before you buy. Pay attention to things like the source of hemp, extraction method, and above all — look for Certificates of Analysis from a third-party laboratory.
Looking for CBD oil in Ohio? Then you’ve come to the right place. We explain the state laws surrounding CBD and highlight the best deals for quality CBD products in Ohio.